Writing thousands of codes into a website is one of the most fulfilling parts of web development. Whether you use Python, HTML5, and CSS, there are things every web developer needs to learn. If you’re trying to code from scratch, there are essential things you need to make everything easier.
Concepts like Github, DevTools, APIs, front end and back end are some of the essential things you want to know. So here are the basic things you need to learn as a web developer.
Front End And Back End Development
One of the most common terms that you’ll hear in web development is front-end and backend coding. Some focus on becoming front-end developers, while others focus on backend development. Many even try to learn both simultaneously, working towards becoming a full-stack developer.
So, what is front-end and backend development anyway?
The back end, also known as a server, is the entire logic of a program or a website. In the case of websites, the server-side is where all user information is stored. This part is where most web app or site programming usually occurs, including database management, security, and authentication systems.
1. Using Github
Every web developer can learn from several resources online and offline, including books and coding guides. One of the best learning resources is Github, a repository of code and tools.
Every developer has heard of GitHub. It is a web-based repository for your code. You can use it to store, organize, and share your projects. It is free, and you can use it to collaborate on your work, similar to Dropbox or Google Drive.
While there are a lot of open-source tools you can use in software development, GitHub is the most popular. It uses Git to manage the source code repositories. You can think of it as the world’s largest social network for coders.
It allows users to build projects, share and collaborate with other programmers, and even manage dependencies and version control. While there are many free alternatives to this, it remains the most used platform for collaborative source code.
2. Utilizing Dev Tools
As a beginner, one of the most challenging things about learning how to code is understanding the logic and syntax. This is often why many people find tutorials and step-by-step walkthroughs helpful. This is where a dev tool comes in.
Dev tools are software utilities, applications, or scripts used for developing, debugging, and testing applications. It lets you inspect, debug, and monitor what’s going on with your application. You can write scripts, run tests, and do other technical stuff. These tools are usually built into your browser, but you can manually install them if you don’t own one.
3. Understanding APIs
API stands for Application Programming Interface. It is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. It provides the building blocks for programs. An API is an interface that lets different pieces of software programs communicate with each other.
APIs are the backbone of modern, cloud-based apps. They allow multiple computers to talk to each other. It makes communication between services on the internet possible, allowing you to work with third-party data and maximize functionality without sharing code.
There are different APIs, from internal, private, and public, allowing someone to create a program that interacts with another piece of software. Github has some of the most fantastic APIs to make web development easier, especially for beginners.
4. Responsive Design
Responsive design is not just a buzzword. It is an essential concept that web developers have to understand. With more and more people using mobile devices to surf the web, responsive design has become necessary.
To put it simply, responsive web design is a technique of creating websites that can be viewed on various devices. The end goal here is to provide the same quality of user experience, no matter what type of device you use.
The technique is based on fluid grids, flexible images, and media queries. Your website will adapt to any screen size, such as mobile, tablet, or desktop.
5. Working With Databases
Databases are everywhere. They are in your phone, your computer, and your smart TV. They are the heart and soul of almost every application or piece of technology we use.
Most websites and web applications rely on databases. It stores and manages valuable information, including usernames, passwords, emails, and credit card numbers.
Database management systems (or DBMS) are often one of the most challenging web design and development aspects. However, having a grasp of databases will help you when storing, retrieving, and managing information.
Most programming languages will require you to utilize a database, so trying to learn at least one helps you understand the basics. Aside from being a necessary element of the internet, it is also a rewarding job. As any programmer will tell you, it gets more exciting as you pursue your passion.
6. Understanding The Basics of Website Architecture
In the world of website development, it is rare to find someone who tries to create anything without knowing the basics of architecture. Most remote web designers and developers have some blueprint or outline in mind before they begin.
When designing the architecture of a web project, it is essential to consider all the factors that can affect its structure. This includes scalability, performance, sustainability, and usability.
At its simplest, website architecture can be as simple as having the basic layout and structure of your pages. These include your home page, about us, contact us, and other landing pages. But, of course, these vary depending on the purpose of your website, whether it’s for education or eCommerce.
The Bottom Line
Learning to code for apps and websites is complicated but very rewarding. While these are the essential things that any beginner should know, there are still more important things you need to know.
Being a good coder does not happen overnight. It requires patience, dedication, and a lot of practice. The good thing about learning to program is that there are no specific prerequisites.
Whether you’re a self-taught coder or a student in a university, there are some things you need to know. These basic skills and concepts will help you get started, but they shouldn’t stop there.
The web and mobile development world is constantly evolving, and there’s always something new to learn about. But, more importantly, these are just a few of the many things you can do as a web.