eCommerce Essentials: 4 Tools and Techniques You Need to Succeed Online

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The eCommerce landscape is ever-changing, and website owners need to keep adapting and evolving to stay competitive. 

Product quality and delivering on your promises lie at the core of your online store’s success. However, you can quickly fall behind the competition if you rely solely on product demand and quality to do the selling for you.

This guide explores essential eCommerce platforms, tools, and techniques you can use to stand out from your competitors. 

Table of Contents

  1. Essential Platforms
  2. Essential Trustmarks
  3. Optimized Content
  4. Essential Legal Documents
  5. Conclusion

Essential Platforms

Attracting and retaining customers on your eCommerce website is your primary challenge as an eCommerce entrepreneur. Let’s look at two key platforms that will help you in this endeavor, by bringing convenience and ease of use to both you and your customers.

eCommerce Platforms

An eCommerce platform is a collection of software plugins that are added to a website to increase its functionality. Shopping carts, inventory tracking, and order management are examples of added functionality that most platforms offer. 

Not all businesses, especially new ones, have the resources to develop their own eCommerce platform. Several platforms are available commercially, each catering to different needs and differing in their features. 

Choosing the right eCommerce platform for your business is vital. Fortunately, most platforms offer free trials and money-back guarantees, so you can explore and experiment with several platforms before honing in on the one that works best for you.

The most popular eCommerce platforms are WooCommerce, Shopify, Magento, PrestaShop, and OpenCart.

Payment Platforms

Also known as payment gateways, payment platforms have transformed the eCommerce industry. They act as the middleman between the buyer and seller, offering a fast and secure platform to pay for goods. Some of the most popular include Stripe, Payline, PayPal, and Amazon Pay.

Shoppers may be hesitant to enter sensitive information such as credit card details and shipping addresses online, especially if your site is new. One way to build customer trust is to use payment platforms widely known to and trusted by your target demographic.

Payment platforms will likely factor into your eCommerce platform selection — some platforms have an integrated payment gateway, while others use an external payment platform, or offer both options. 

You may even choose to work with multiple payment platforms on your site. This will increase shopping convenience, as your customers can use whichever platform is most familiar and convenient for them.

Customer Support Platforms

High customer satisfaction is crucial for success. The importance of good customer service cannot be understated: 68% of online shoppers feel that a fast response is the most important customer service factor, and 29% of shoppers abandon their baskets when they encounter poor service. 

Customer support platforms are software packages that offer tools such as live chat, call/video chat, and help desks to establish efficient communication channels between your customer service team and the customer.

Numerous customer support platforms are available commercially. These are the most popular platforms:

Other Platforms

Blog/newsletter: Create a blog and/or newsletter for your website to keep your customers updated with the latest happenings on your site, and to introduce new products and promotions. This is also a great chance to get some customer feedback and suggestions.

Social Media: In the digital era, having an active social media presence is practically a necessity: 63% of customers expect customer support from brands via social media. 

Create and maintain official accounts on the leading social media sites — such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter — to not only promote your site but also to answer customer queries and to address customer feedback. 

Essential Trustmarks

A Trustmark is an electronic badge or logo issued by an organization to a website to indicate its trustworthiness. Trustmarks are paramount to increasing online trust and purchase intentions

To gain customer confidence, your website should have the following essential Trustmark:

SSL Certification 

When information, such as credit card data, is entered into a website, the data needs to be transferred from your computer to the website’s server. Without adequate protection, this information can be stolen by hackers during transmission, even if both your computer and the server themselves are protected.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificates establish an encrypted connection between the user’s computer and the website. This protects any sensitive data from being accessed by an unauthorized third party. 

Websites with SSL certification use the https protocol. This means that words such as “secure connection” appear in the address bar of the browser, assuring the user of data safety. 

Even more importantly, the words “not secure” may appear if you do not use this protocol on pages handling sensitive information, such as payment pages. This might scare away potential customers.

Most domain providers also provide SSL certification at an additional cost. Contact your domain provider for more information.

Website Antivirus 

An antivirus certificate will reassure your customers that your website is safe from malware and malicious links. Nearly 1 in 5 carts are abandoned by online shoppers due to a lack of trust in the website, so it’s essential that your website is anti-malware certified.

You should place your certificate in high-engagement areas, such as by the shopping cart or underneath order forms. You can also use a floating Trustmark so that the certificate is always in view. 

Payment Security Verification

Payment security verification provides advanced security for both you and your customers when making purchases. 

These verifications confirm the identity of the cardholder by asking for additional information when something is unfamiliar, such as making large purchases or using a new device. They also ease the mind of the customer by offering fraud protection. 

The verification will depend on the issuer of the card (e.g., Visa, MasterCard) that the customer uses, and will be integrated into your payment platform.

Other Verifications

The Better Business Bureau (BBB): Self-described as wanting to advance marketplace trust, a BBB trustmark will add another layer of ease to your customers’ minds.

TRUSTe: A TRUSTe privacy certification indicates to your customers that your data-handling procedures meet the strict requirements of privacy legislation and guidelines such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and OECD Privacy Guidelines.

Optimized Content

Providing an easily navigable, intuitively designed website will ensure you stand out from the sea of competitors, increasing customer satisfaction and retention rates. 

High-quality Photographs

First impressions count, and photographs are the first element a customer will likely notice on your website. By investing in professional photographs of your products, you can make your selection look appealing to customers.

Furthermore, your items will often appear alongside competitors in image search results, so it’s important to make them stand out on crowded results pages by providing relevant yet attention-grabbing images.

Here are some things to consider when uploading product photographs:

  • Size and file type matter: The larger the file size, the longer it will take to load. Online customers don’t like to wait, especially when moving on to the next search result is just a click away. Find the optimal balance between image resolution, file type (e.g., JPEG, PNG, GIF, TIFF), and speed by testing and optimizing the various elements on your web page.
  • Optimize the description: You can apply search engine optimization (SEO) techniques to image descriptions, captions, and metadata to ensure that your content shows up when customers search for it online. 
  • Zoom: Customers will want a closer look at your products, so include a high-quality zoom option.

Optimized Product Descriptions

Your product description will be competing for customer attention, so make it clear, informative, and relevant. One study found that 20% of purchase failures can be attributed to unclear or missing product information. 

Making your product description search engine-friendly will go a long way in ensuring customers land on your page.

  • Tell a story: Describe your product in a way that’ll make your customers relate. Get them invested. 

Remember to use words that your customers likely use to search for the products. You can take advantage of marketing tools, such as Google Analytics and SEMRush, to identify keywords and common search phrases, and then make data-driven writing decisions.

  • Bullet points: Online shoppers are often in a rush, so put key features in a bullet point list. This information should be product-relevant. For example, a laptop listing should include the product’s specifications, like size, processor, and operating system. 

Mobile-friendly Content and Interface

Mobile shopping is on the rise — mobile phone use now accounts for 52.2% of website traffic worldwide, and it’s only going to rise further. 

For your website to show up higher in online searches made on a mobile device, your content needs to be mobile-friendly. Here are some tools and techniques you can use to make sure your website serves mobile users as well as it does desktop users:

  • Create a mobile version of your website: This may require you to run two websites simultaneously, but the benefits are likely to outweigh the additional costs. 
  • Employ mobile plugins: Platforms such as WordPress and Shopify offer plugins to make your website mobile-friendly. 
  • Utilize mobile payment accelerators: Ensure that your website offers mobile-friendly payment options. Apple Pay, Android Pay, and Paypal are all commonly used when making purchases via a mobile device.

Other Content Essentials

  • Optimize your search function: Ensure your search function is intelligent and efficient by implementing tools such as predictive sorting and auto-complete. 
  • AI usage: Using AI to give your customers a personalized experience will ensure they keep returning to your site. One company reported a 15% increase in revenue after implementing AI. 

Essential Legal Documents

Given the plethora of commercial platforms and tools available to help you get started with an eCommerce website, launching an eCommerce website is a relatively straightforward task. However, optimizing your eCommerce site with all the right platforms and tools won’t matter if you find yourself on the wrong side of the law. 

That’s why it’s important to establish a compliant legal structure and to create legal policies before you start. Legal policy documents are essential for businesses — they offer protection and peace of mind to both you and your customers. 

Let’s take a look at the most important legal policies for an eCommerce website:

Privacy Policy

A privacy policy is a legal agreement that outlines what information will be collected from website visitors and how that information will be used. 

Your website needs a privacy policy to comply with laws, as you will likely be collecting personal data. Note that according to laws like the GDPR, even IP addresses and data gathered via cookies are considered personal information, so your website may be collecting personal data even before consumers fill out any forms on your site.

Your privacy policy should cover these areas:

  • What information will be collected
  • How it will be used
  • With whom data may be shared or sold
  • Server locations
  • How the user can access their information
  • Cookie usage
  • Contact information

A comprehensive and transparent privacy policy will protect you and reassure your customers. You can make this legal document using a privacy policy generator, by customizing a template, or you can create one from scratch with assistance from your legal team. 

Terms and Conditions

Terms and conditions — also called terms of service and terms of use — outline the terms and rules of acceptable behavior for users accessing your website. These documents give guidelines for how you, as the site administrator, and the user should act. 

Creating terms and conditions helps protect your website from lawsuits, consumer complaints, and acts of infringement on your rights as an eCommerce site owner. That’s why it’s vital that yours include all of the necessary clauses in a way that is accessible and understandable for your users. 

Your terms and conditions should include:

  • Contact information
  • Contribution clause
  • Dispute resolution clause
  • DMCA notice
  • Future changes clause
  • Governing law
  • Intellectual property disclosure
  • Limitations clause
  • Pricing disclosure
  • Prohibited activity policy

Make sure your terms are clear and readable, with an emphasis on user understanding.

Return and Refund Policy

Return and refund policies outline how a customer can exchange or get a refund for previously purchased goods. Your eCommerce website likely needs this to prevent any disputes. Your policy should include:

  • Time limit: Clearly state the maximum number of days a customer has to claim a refund/exchange.
  • Refund procedure: State how the customer will be refunded, should they require it.
  • Refund timeframe: Indicate how long the refund will take to complete.
  • Shipping costs: Outline who pays for shipping. 

A strategic way to create this policy is to start with a return policy template, then tailor it to your business. 

Other Documents

Warranty Policy: A warranty is a form of insurance for purchased products. This policy should outline when this warranty applies and under what circumstances. It should outline details of default warranties and purchased warranties. 

Cookie Policy: Cookies are used to retain user information such as login details, shopping cart contents, and user preferences. Therefore, they are useful for your website. However, cookie use needs to be disclosed to your users to stay transparent with your customers and keep compliant with laws. For example, if your eCommerce site targets customers in the EU, you’re required by law to have a cookie policy that’s separate from your privacy policy. 


Keeping your eCommerce website ahead of the game is vital in today’s competitive market. Follow this guide to ensure your website has the necessary platforms to attract and host traffic, the essential trustmarks to reassure your customers, optimized content to provide an efficient experience, and the essential legal documents to protect yourself and your users.

Author Bio:

Felix is the managing editor at Termly, where he helps business owners generate privacy policies and other important legal documents, implement best business practices, and comply with transnational privacy laws. He specializes in writing and curating compliance guides and law overviews for eCommerce professionals.

eCommerce Essentials: 4 Tools and Techniques You Need to Succeed Online

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